Bones Theory

Bones Aren’t Impervious


Bones Aren’t Impervious

Brennan, Empathy, Imperviousness, and Strength


Angela: “Honey, you ever think you come off a little distant because you connect too much?”

Brennan: “I hate psychology, it’s a soft science.”

Angela: “I know, but people are mostly soft.”

Brennan: “Except for their bones.”

                The first time I ever watched the Bones Pilot (which was also my very first episode) I remember my reaction to the conversation between Brennan and Angela about Brennan’s emotional connections. That idea of a character being distant because she’s too emotional was refreshing, and very real. The conversation said a lot about the two characters without having them say much at all. Brennan connects with the people through their bones, in a way that nobody else does, but nobody can see that she does, while Angela connects with the images of the people, visibly so, in that first season. Both of them have a strong sense of empathy for the victim, but they deal with it in different ways. To me, this it is one of my favorite moments in the entire series, and it tells us the one thing that is very important about Brennan – although she acts like what she does doesn’t affect her, it does. The pilot commentary has a great comment on this – they chose Brennan’s affinity for martial arts and guns because her work shakes her – she does not want to become a victim. This can be seen in Booth’s comment a few scenes later in the shooting range and in his office. She saw that real world – she knew exactly what Cleo Eller’s parents felt like.

                Four episodes later, in Boy in a Bush, Brennan tells Shawn, a young suspect, a story– a mixture of her past, and of his. Here she is showing empathy for the boy. In other cases, she shows empathy for the victim, where she gives long speeches about things that they have been through. We see her technical jargon, which we learned in Boy in a Bush is her way of detaching herself, broken down in Girl in the Fridge on the court stand when she is asked to reveal a bit more of herself.

According to Brennan, at this time, she was an impervious substance, keeping things out, and not allowing herself to feel pain in relation to other, living, people. For her, it is the bones that she shares the pain with. She does not want what happened to them to happen to anyone else, and she prevents this by working with Booth. The only way she feels that she can keep a firm handle on those emotions is by focusing on the details and putting her heart in a box.

Every episode through the beginning of season 2, Brennan showed her empathy for the victim, or the victim’s family. Her heart came out of the box, just for a bit, for her to tell someone why it was so important that they stop the criminal.

Then came the man that changed everything. Howard Epps.

Epps entered the scene in the first season. He played with the characters, using them to give him a stay of execution. It is in Blonde in the Game, when his friend starts playing the game as well (so Epps can eventually get his friend killed), that something is changed about Brennan’s objectivity and empathy.

In one of the many great scenes of the episode, Brennan goes to Angela for advice. Epps is making her feel like she’s being manipulated, and she knows that Angela has dealt with manipulative men before. Brennan, in a moment of emotional transparency, reveals to Angela that she is concerned for the recently kidnapped girl that they fear could be Epps’ friend’s next victim. It is in this moment that I believe everything changed for Brennan – she was told to be objective and ignore everything else. She was basically told to be that impervious substance, by both Angela and Booth.

Angela: “He’s messing with your objectivity.”

Brennan: “There’s nothing I can do about that.”

Angela: “You have to step back, OK? Let the rest of us deal with the families. You find Helen.”

What if Brennan, our ever-literal scientist, took this to mean that she had to be this way all the time? In the following scene, this is backed up, by Booth.

“Look, time out, you’ve got to detach from this. If we let Epps get under our skin, it’s exactly what he wants.”

At the time, Brennan was commenting on how frustrating Epps’ mother was. She was getting emotionally drawn in. Booth stops it, right there. This would have supported what Angela said. Brennan’s reaction to killing Epps’ compatriot is subdued in the end. She almost seems… normal. We can see that sag of the shoulders, the look on her face, but in a way, you can almost see her tuck it back, away from the surface where someone could poke at it, making her impervious substance a bit more porous.

After this episode, Brennan never gives one of her impassioned speeches about the victim, or their family, again, for seasons. For at least through season 3 and most of season 4, Brennan remained impervious.

Something started to bother Brennan in season 4, though.  Sometime around The Bones that Foam, Brennan realizes that she’s “different,” that she has a hard time connecting to people. Then there’s that awkward session with Sweets, where she is trying to learn how to reciprocate emotions – in his words, showing empathy. She wants to be able to do what she feels she cannot. In Girl in the Mask, she tells Booth’s friend Ken Nakamura that she is jealous of his love of his sister, but can’t understand why someone would want to have that much love for someone when they will be hurt in the end. He tells her that if he was willing to give up his life for his sister, how could he not be willing to experience the pain of her life and loss? This idea is repeated in the end of End in the Beginning, in the closing scene as Brennan writes about how the possibility of pain, when loving someone, is a burden that allows us to fly.

                While I watched Critic in the Cabernet again, I found a moment that I had never remembered, but I think is the most significant. Brennan sort of reveals exactly why she wants a child to Booth – she wants to prove that she has empathy (she even lists empathy as one of his good traits to Sweets). The way she sees that she can do this (based on what she has seen with Cam) is by having a child. Angela and Brennan then have a conversation that, to me, shows both something about what their relationship had become, and also a bit about how Angela sees Brennan, and vice versa.

Angela: “You said you wanted to do this alone because feelings are ephemeral. So is life, Brennan. We’re here one minute and then gone the next. You should know that better than anybody. If you keep living trying to protect yourself, nothing is ever going to touch you.”

Brennan: “Sweets said it’s not his job to tell somebody what they’re feeling or how they should live their life.”

Angela: “Good thing I’m not Sweets.”

This scene tells us two things: 1. Brennan’s still trying to protect herself from pain. In essence, she is still an impervious substance (or at least trying to be). 2. Brennan feels that Angela is trying to tell her what she’s supposed to feel and do (which she actually is doing, and has continued to do through season 6, which is starting to drive me a bit crazy). Through this, Brennan believes that Angela thinks that she has no emotion/empathy. I may be totally reading into this too much, but it feels right, given the context of the entire episode and season.

I think this is when Brennan started to think about being impervious versus being strong. I believe that she started losing her imperviousness when she decided to adopt Sweets by opening herself up to the pain of remembering part of her past in Mayhem (although one could argue that this started with her partnership with Booth, when she told him about her parents’ disappearance). She wants him to see that she actually can relate to people.

There is one more moment that must be highlighted – in Harbingers, Avalon tells Brennan that Booth knows the truth of her. What if the truth of her, to Brennan at that point in time, is that she actually has empathy for people, and that she actually wants to connect? That she wants to be able to open herself up to the pain of loving, as she mentioned in previous episodes, even when the stakes are so high, so she can accept that burden… and fly? I know this sounds strange, but I think that this is the central conflict of Temperance Brennan – understanding who she is through other people (Booth), and she can only do that if she can openly react to what other people are feeling about her (with Booth as her guide).

This leads to the 100th episode. What if Brennan is protecting Booth from herself because she isn’t ready to stop being impermeable, because she feels like the risks – hurting him and changing how she sees herself (“Maybe they’ll break your heart, maybe you’ll break their heart and never be able to look at yourself the same way.” – from End in the Beginning), are too great?

Then what if this is the breaking point? The stability of being impermeable protected Brennan, but her concern for others, especially Booth, seems to have brought it down. As mentioned in the great post about Brennan’s dream in Boy with the Answer , we see how much she worries not just about herself, but Booth and Hodgins. She loses a bit more of her imperviousness during the Gravedigger trial with her admission of her nightmares to Booth and her fears from her experience while being on the stand. With the loss of this imperviousness, her objectivity, the objectivity that she had to put in place when her friends urged her to pull back, is slipping. She admits to Angela in Beginning in the End that she’s worried all the time. We’re finally starting to see what Brennan is feeling start to slip into her work. She can’t concentrate on the case, by her own admission, because she’s distracted by the finds in Maluku. Maybe she saw it as an opportunity that she had to take. We see her go back and forth about it until Daisy talks to her. And although Daisy says the absolute wrong thing, maybe what Daisy said made Brennan think about what was holding her back – not academically, or work wise, like Daisy was saying, but emotionally? That’s when she decides to leave for Maluku. She went to think, rebuild walls, and come back… impervious again, or stronger? I think that she came back stronger, a bit more open to what is going on with others around her.

In Doctor in the Photo, Brennan’s imperviousness is broken. She can’t be impervious during the case, and even for a while afterwards. She takes the risk of telling Booth that she made a mistake, and opens herself up to the pain of his rejection. She is losing her imperviousness, and is replacing it with strength as the episodes continue. Her candid discussion of the future with Booth, and even mentioning that idea of “together” shows that she is losing her imperviousness and replacing it with strength.

What does this have to do with empathy, though?

I believe that with Brennan’s change from expressing her empathy through words, to burying it after Blonde in the Game, to her attempts to prove that she actually does have the capacity to show empathy, she built a guideline for building up, then breaking down her imperviousness.

I think that with time, we will begin to see a tiny bit of the Brennan that we saw in season 1 – the Brennan that showed her empathy, but stronger. She will become more willing to share personal information (remember, for her, revealing something personal relating to her past is associated with pain, therefore, she must be strong, not impervious, to accept this pain). Her relationship with her father will get better. With his arrival into her life, I think she also became more impervious (see season 3 for more details). Now she is moving towards strength with him, per her admission about what happened in Doctor in the Photo in the Bullet in the Brain (think about it… we’ve never, ever seen Brennan candidly tell her father anything like that before).

Over all, Brennan is still a human being, as Angela described in the Pilot – soft, with an impervious core that is gradually getting stronger. She has always been mostly soft, but now, instead of having an exoskeleton of an insect, her core is getting stronger, and the exoskeleton is being shed. You see, unlike some insect exoskeletons, bones aren’t really impervious, just strong.

What do you think? Do you think Brennan will become strong in other areas? What episodes haven’t I mentioned do you think are a part of this journey?


Author: Owl

Observant owl-lover that remembers too much, especially about history. Also a museum nerd.

25 thoughts on “Bones Aren’t Impervious

  1. Interesting theory. I think I’ve heard it before, probably from you, that at some point she locked her heart up more, but I never really thought about it much.

    It always seemed natural to me that she did so, because I have a similar personality. I’m very warm when I know someone well, but if I don’t, or they hurt me, I have to put up walls. I used to be more of a “thinker” than a “feeler” but now I’m more Boothy in that sense. 😉

  2. Wow, this is really very good.

    I believe that Brennan has always been empathic. She struggles to wall off her emotions to protect herself from the pain she sees everyday. Her job puts in situations that require her to be both strong and impervious. She must protect herself from what she sees as the cruelty of humans toward each other and yet she also wants to bring closure to the victim and allow the victim to have a voice when the murderer thought it was silenced. She hates it when the squints says things that seems to make the victim anything less than human and yet she also has to put her emotions in a box so that she can do her job. I believe you are right, that dealing with Howard Epps made her try to be more impervious to what she considered as manipulation. She hates to be manipulated, whether it is by her father or Booth or a total stranger. She really hates the idea that someone could try to use her to pervert justice and Howard Epps managed to do just that. She likes to be in control of her enviornment and what better way to do that, than to control her emotions and how she reaacts to those around her. This control is the source of her strength and imperviousness. Too much and she is impervious, too little and she could not do her job. The key to Brennan’s emotional strength is just how much control she needs to maintain to do her job and yet be able to interact with Booth, her family, her friends. I think in DITP, Brennan broke threw that box, that wall she had used to protect herself from the world. I think she began to realise that she only needed to shield herself when it came time to do her job; but, the shield does not have to be used when dealing with Booth, her father, her friends. She can allow herself to be the scientist and the partner, the daughter, and the friend.

  3. I just found out I can’t type and clap at the same time.

    Thank you for such a fabulous Brennan-centric post. I am in awe.

  4. I believe that Brennan realized she’s in love with Booth since season 4’s finale. The fact that she was writing about love and burdens just proves that to me. Maybe she didn’t understand it, but she knew she loved him, and she was scared. She didn’t trust herself with him, and she was afraid of hurting him and ruining their partnership. What proves that more is her talk with Booth’s grandfather when he told her not to be scared, and that she knows what he’s talking about. And clearly, she did.

    Then came the 100th, and Booth wanted to move on, and maybe he should’ve pushed her (I’m not blaming him here, or her), but at least they were still partners. I think that after that episode Brennan tried to bury her love for him, got distracted and lost her objectivity, which is why she went to Maluku : To gain some perspective. But she didn’t, she came back aware of her feelings more than ever (but still afraid), and she was hit by the fact that Booth has indeed moved on.

    So basically, Brennan has known she loved Booth throughout seasons 5 & 6 :D. Was that too much babbling ? Sorry but I got carried away haha =p ! And sorry if my English is not that good; it’s not my first language.

  5. Wow. I think Brennan would be proud with all the evidence you presented, lol. Very well thought out, and a lot of meat for thought. I feel like I can get down with this theory. I guess I’ll be pondering the rest of the day and come back if I think of anything to say.

  6. The cynic in me says that Brennan changed to fit the needs of the show, but I prefer – as you seem to – to look for an organic cause within the show.

    This is an interesting theory (that Epps sparked the change in Brennan). Certainly it fits into Booth’s earlier comments in season 1 that when you kill someone, a part of yourself dies too. And Brennan’s earlier assertion in the first episode where they meet Epps – that all human beings are made of the same “stuff” and that every death affects society.

    It’s interesting that the second time Brennan kills someone, Pam, she doesn’t hesitate and doesn’t ever comment on it again. This season, she briefly mentioned “that obese woman who shot you” but doesn’t mention her role in that scenario. Perhaps that shows how much Brennan has been able to pull back. Or perhaps it torments her so much inside that she can’t talk about it.

    Certainly the triple whammy of shooting Pam, Booth’s fake death, Zack’s betrayal would be enough to spin anyone into a catatonic state. When I consider the big change in Brennan, I look to Pain in the Heart. She loved Zack very much. It’s deeply telling to me that she keeps a distance from all her interns now. She never called Zack “Mr. Addy”, he was always a part of their outside of work socializing, etc. Interesting to note that this season she is calling Wendell by his first name…(but only Wendell, I think).

    It’s interesting that you mention Brennan and Max – I think all of Brennan’s relationships involve a balance of power and she’s not comfortable when she’s not the one with the upper hand. Max repaired their relationship by essentially ceding all power to Brennan. He put himself in jail, literally, where she could enter and depart his life at her will. Having been hurt by him so badly in the past, Brennan needed that power, which actually gave her the freedom to evaluate him without fear of his running away, and ultimately she chose to love him again. Now in season 6, they are on equal footing. He gives a gift, she accepts it in the spirit it was intended instead of looking for ulterior motives (lets not forget season 1, Brennan tells us how she feels about gift-giving as a way of asserting dominance in a group).

    In acquiescing to Booth’s request about making the wishes and burning them, and making it clear that she will wait for him to stop being angry, she’s doing her own version of what Max did. She’s letting Booth have the power, which he needs, having been badly hurt by her past rejections. It’s not a weakness, just like it wasn’t a weakness when Max did it. It’s a gesture of trust and faith and strength to put your fate in someone else’s hands. And just as Brennan came back to Max, I am confident Booth will come back to Brennan – hopefully a lot faster!

    • Totally agree with you. I’ve always though of Brennan’s change (that super-detachment from subjectivity and constant request of facts) as a reaction to what happen to her in S3 – when I say “though of” i mean it as an explanation that one looks when a show makes twists in the characters for accommodational processes – with those 4 people you mentioned. And by that line of though, it would be logical to see a more S1 Brennan from now on, obviously less impervious, but regaining the freshness in her relationships with people, more relaxed to communicate and more open to the subjective, abstract and un-empirical.
      The thing is that I don’t think the show’s estructure would allow that, now that Brennan represents the quirkyness and awkardness of the job. I remember a comment about how Zack leaving, left this burden to Brennan’s character and I can only imagine that some of the squints would absorbe that so Brennan could be a little more her again.

  7. Wow. I read every day and I am horrible at ever commenting, not sure I ever have. But this theory of your’s Owl had me noding my head the entire way through. Excellent job at presenting the evidence. And I am also in total agreement with Barbara’s last paragraph in her comments. Both very well put. Thanks for sharing!

  8. Email post – ignore me 🙂

  9. Just wanted to say: excellent post, Owl.

    Maybe I’ll have a comment later, or maybe not, as you’ve about said it all. 🙂

  10. *claps wildly*

    And that’s all i’ve got. Brilliantly awesome post hun 😀

  11. I really like how you’ve woven this together because Brennan has always seemed to be the person most at odds with everyone around her, but has a great sense of the humanity she is dealing with. She tells Zach not to refer to the remains as “crispy critters” and whatnot and who else would go to such lengths to know everything about someone’s life through their bones than someone who really and truly cared? She knows so much about other cultures and the interconnectiveness of people and cultures in a way that is not a series of factoids (that Vincent spits out) but information that shows she is not only trying to understand people, but how they fit into their world as well. (Yes, she can spout factoids like Vincent, too, but many of hers suggest a greater connection to the people or the world than Vincent’s.)

    I always thought that Brennan’s desire to protect Booth from herself in the 100th showed just how much she cared. She knows just how different she relates to people and the world than others and did not want that to hurt Booth. Who does that but a person who cares? She was never saying, I don’t care for you; she was practically shouting, I care for you and I cannot be with you for fear of hurting you.

    Brennan does have to be convinced through logical argument at times, but she also has a sense of the people around her. Just in Killer, she backs away from Booth’s arguments and has a keen awareness that what she says matters to him even if she is not aware of what she’s saying is not connecting with him. She also has a more sympathetic turn with Vincent than she’s had at times. (One can argue that she turned down all the dates in Bikini and was nixing romance since she was empathizing with Booth, but there’s other factors there, as well as have been pointed out here.) In Bllizzard she gives both Booth and Sweets some breathing room when she suggests that Sweets take a walk. (She also has a keen awareness that Booth is bothered by how he treated Sweets and takes her cues from Booth as to when and how they will talk about their relationship.)

    Yes, I think she’s shedding the imperviousness this season since Doctor. I think her empathy with Booth allowed her to be supportive of his relationship with Hannah and not go ballistic with Booth when he tells Hannah about her confession. By acknowledging her emotions and dealing with the fallout of her confession and Booth’s break-up, she’s demonstrating a strength of character and will that we have seen in her before but now shifts and gives her a greater sense of being human and not some robot. (I’ve never understood how people see her as little more than a machine.)

    I really appreciate your post.

  12. This is awesome. I tend to be rather pragmatic in thinking about the changes we see in Brennan (from more open to less) in that I think when they realized they might go a while, they decided they had to reset her character a bit to give her more room to grow. But this is, hands down, the best explanation I’ve seen from within the show itself for why she seems to change between S1 and S2.

  13. Brilliant observation re: Epps’ effect on Brennan. As several others have said here, I never made that connection but I believe you are absolutely correct. We were all so focused on what Eps’ death did to Booth we failed to notice Brennan’s reaction.

    Except… the Sully episodes followed that and Brennan did seem pretty open to an emotional involvement with him even though she made a half-hearted (and quickly shot down) attempt to characterize it as a “fling.”

    I will have to mull this over a bit but I’m inclined to agree with you. Maybe the full reaction hadn’t kicked in yet when Sully came into the scene.

    • Maybe Sully was a means for her to feel something outside of her relationship with Booth or others that was somehow safer because it was, in her mind, a fling– a sexual relationship rather than an emotional one? The relationship with Sully does “sully” the very fine theory of the original post. (Rats! I really liked it.) Maybe the relationship with Sully helps her distance herself from the lab and the work? (Although the murders based on her books were very “personal” for her since she was connected to the cases through her books and the Boneless Bride was one in which she was contemplating a “marriage” of sorts with Sully.)

      She wasn’t connected to the cases as much (except for the book one) because they were all too fleshy for her. And she was on vacation (until Booth kept roping her back in) for the Boneless Bride. (Double rats!)

      I still buy the theories of the original post. (Yes, with a nod to Barbara since sometimes “show truth” becomes mangled to tell the story.) I just have a major glitch to consider.

      • Well change doesn’t come all at once. Sometimes people react to events long after they occur.

        So much happens to Brennan in season 2: she kills Epps’ accomplice, she struggles with Cam at work, she struggles to re-define her relationship with Booth, she has the whole revelation about her father being a vicious murderer…really, people who think Brennan is robotic these days should take a look at her life – it’s a miracle she’s functioning at ALL.

        I think Sully began as a distraction from her stressful life that became more than she could deal with. I never thought about Brennan being the “Boneless bride” too – how awesome! If she went with Sullly on that boat, she would stop being “Bones” for a year at least and she also felt “spineless”, I think, afraid to take that plunge with him. She says as much to Angela – that she misses something by being afraid to take risks.)

      • I feel that Scully was a distraction from the emotional upheaval that was going on in her life. That she could turn Sully down and not go with him meant that she still had ties to those around her, Booth and Angela and could not abandon those she considered her only friends and in her way, family. Brennans fear of abandonment is a double edged sword. Her greatest fear is that those she loves will abandon her in the end and in turn she cannot abandon those she loves. She would not abandon Booth for Sully. This would have been abandonment. She may have been building her wall or imperviousness at this time; but, it was not fully in place yet, when Sully came into her life. It took a lot more drama in her life to strengthen that wall.

    • I actually thought about Sully when I first started writing this in January. I’d recommend Bodies in the Book in particular to see how Brennan reacts to him. I definitely agree that he was a break — almost like he was a way for her to step back without stepping back. Then look at Bodies in the Book. Brennan goes on the super defensive (whenever she’s mad at someone she physically distances herself from them) and I feel like she’s definitely starting to get more impervious as the case goes on. Although she feels responsible, she distances herself away from them (compared to her s1/early s2 approach), which can be seen right before she calls what she has with Sully a fling. He says she feels responsible. She goes right to the math.

  14. I want to be able to point all of those people who complain that they the writing for Brennan is inconsisitent to this post. You did a wonderful job of explaining the changes we’ve seen in her, from being more openly empathetic to someone who was so closed off that many described her as cold and now to someone who is getting more and more emotionally open and expressive. I love this.

    • The problem is that this regression is not acknowledged on the show. Everybody on the show has been acting as if Brennan has always been that cold and literal and robotic and dense etc, nobody has noticed the changes, it has never been a topic of discussion between them.
      Probably because as others have said, her changes were not thought of as a regression, but just as a way to make the show lighter and 2D especially since S4, making Brennan a caricature of herself, and replacing Zack. So for some people it is like a new show, and our beloved show ended with wannabe and the weed 😦 But we still have hope that in the end it will make sense…
      In an interview during S4, someone pointed out to HH that Brennan now was 2D and even worse than in S1 where she was endearing and interesting and not so robotic/literal etc. Well, HH replied that he didn’t find that it was true, that Brennan was on the contrary making progress with people…

      • I totally agree Delph, you couldn’t say it clearer. It is consistent to this post to talk about the writing on the character; because in the light of Owl’s theory, the changes would be noticed by other people in the show and that would had been a good way to explain at least to us, the old S1,S2 and S3 fans, the switch in Brennan… and who knows, maybe it would have been a good storyline to carry along the other seasons of the show.

  15. This post does explain alot of the changes in Brennan — stuff I hadn’t ever thought of before. It makes so much sense. It does seem like Epp’s had more of an effect on her than we may have previously considered. Booth has to go see GG because of Epp’s death and his feeling of responsibility when he couldn’t hold on to him any longer over the balcony, but Brennan doesn’t get that opportunity. She probably could have benefited from some counseling then too.

  16. Wow Owl this was a really well thought out post. I really like how you wove things together. And I’m going to have to go back and re-watch Critic, because I don’t recall that line at all. Oh gee. Watching BONES. What a hardship. 😉

  17. Interesting, I found this by looking for the differences between “impervious & strong”. I am a Bones nut w/ the exception of this season 6. The finale of season 6 was an utter slap in the face of Bones fans (in my mind). There have been numerous movies depicting aliens living among us learning about cultures/socities. In someways I thought Brennen was an alien and really didn’t understand the emotional side of the human race OR, Brennen is a type of replicant an evolving machine (See Bladerunner), she had been impervious to the emotional side of a human, her teachers have been Booth & Angela~~her first Love? Zack. Zack broke through, in some way Zack was her counterpart she could relate to, when Zack sacrificed his life for his friend Hodgins this was the first crack in what had been the impervious Brennen.

    Bones is my favorite show on television, the other “crime drama’s” are just that boring drama’s~~but to each their own. I was extremely unhappy with how season 6 ended and worried what direction the show is going to go in next season. Thanks to the ones who’ve started this site/blog very interesting how others view one of the better shows on TV.

  18. is there an episode of Bones where angela says to Brennan “you can’t just ride off into the sunset you have to stick around and see if everyone is ok”?? or something similar??

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